Korean Verb Conjugation



How to conjugate verbs

In this class, you will learn how to conjugate verbs from dictionary to conversational polite
in a speaking form.
Dictionary form ends with '다' and conversational polite form ends with '요'.

There are 3 rules for the conjugation.


1) When the verb root ends with 'ㅏ','ㅗ' vowels, add 'ㅏ요'.



If the root ends with 'ㅏ', it doesn't change except you end with '요' since it's the same vowel 'ㅏ'.
If the root ends with 'ㅗ', it becomes combined to 'ㅘ' vowel and '요'.




Dictionary Conversational Polite English Meaning
가다 가요 to go
사다 사요 to buy
오다 와요 to come



2) When the verb root ends with '하', replace it to '해요'.



Dictionary Conversational Polite English Meaning
하다 해요 to do
운동하다 운동해요 to exercise
공부하다 공부해요 to study



3) When the verb root ends with 'rest of the vowels', add '어요'.



Dictionary Conversational Polite English Meaning
먹다 먹어요 to eat
마시다 마셔요 to drink
걷다 걸어요 to walk
쓰다 써요 to write, use
귀엽다 귀여워요 to be cute


Exceptions:

ㆍ when the verb root ends with 'ㅣ' vowel,
    'ㅣ+ 어' becomes 'ㅕ'. (if you say 'ㅣ+어' quickly, it becomes 'ㅕ')
ㆍ when the verb root ends with 'ㄷ' consonant, change it to 'ㄹ' and add '어요'.
ㆍ when the verb root ends with 'ㅡ' vowel, remove 'ㅡ' and add 'ㅓ요'.
ㆍ if the verb is an adjective verb that ends with 'ㅂ' consonant, remove 'ㅂ' and add '우 + 어요' → 워요.